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Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity

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Cover of 'Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity'

Table of Contents

  1. Altmetric Badge
    Book Overview
  2. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 1 Epidemiology of Gender Differences in Diabetes and Obesity
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    Chapter 2 Sex Differences in Body Composition
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    Chapter 3 Cellular Mechanisms Driving Sex Differences in Adipose Tissue Biology and Body Shape in Humans and Mouse Models
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    Chapter 4 Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus: Sex Differences in Insulin Action and Secretion
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    Chapter 5 The Role of Sex and Sex Hormones in Regulating Obesity-Induced Inflammation
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    Chapter 6 Sex Differences in Leptin Control of Cardiovascular Function in Health and Metabolic Diseases
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    Chapter 7 Sex Effects at the Ramparts: Nutrient- and Microbe-Mediated Regulation of the Immune-Metabolic Interface
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    Chapter 8 Sexual Dimorphism and Estrogen Action in Mouse Liver
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    Chapter 9 Sex Differences in Muscle Wasting
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    Chapter 10 Origins and Functions of the Ventrolateral VMH: A Complex Neuronal Cluster Orchestrating Sex Differences in Metabolism and Behavior
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    Chapter 11 Menopause, Estrogens, and Glucose Homeostasis in Women
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    Chapter 12 Role of Estrogens in the Regulation of Liver Lipid Metabolism
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    Chapter 13 The Role of Skeletal Muscle Estrogen Receptors in Metabolic Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity
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    Chapter 14 Estrogens and Body Weight Regulation in Men
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    Chapter 15 Estradiol Regulation of Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis
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    Chapter 16 Brain Estrogens and Feeding Behavior
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    Chapter 17 Sex Differences and Role of Estradiol in Hypoglycemia-Associated Counter-Regulation
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    Chapter 18 The Role of Estrogens in Pancreatic Islet Physiopathology
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    Chapter 19 Nuclear and Membrane Actions of Estrogen Receptor Alpha: Contribution to the Regulation of Energy and Glucose Homeostasis
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    Chapter 20 G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) and Sex-Specific Metabolic Homeostasis
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    Chapter 21 Sex-Dependent Role of Estrogen Sulfotransferase and Steroid Sulfatase in Metabolic Homeostasis
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    Chapter 22 Negative Impact of Testosterone Deficiency and 5α-Reductase Inhibitors Therapy on Metabolic and Sexual Function in Men
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    Chapter 23 Testosterone Therapy and Glucose Homeostasis in Men with Testosterone Deficiency (Hypogonadism)
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    Chapter 24 Sex Differences in Androgen Regulation of Metabolism in Nonhuman Primates
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    Chapter 25 Prenatal Testosterone Programming of Insulin Resistance in the Female Sheep
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    Chapter 26 The Role of Androgen Excess in Metabolic Dysfunction in Women
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    Chapter 27 Sex, Gender, and Transgender: Metabolic Impact of Cross Hormone Therapy
Attention for Chapter 27: Sex, Gender, and Transgender: Metabolic Impact of Cross Hormone Therapy
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Chapter title
Sex, Gender, and Transgender: Metabolic Impact of Cross Hormone Therapy
Chapter number 27
Book title
Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity
Published in
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-70178-3_27
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-31-970177-6, 978-3-31-970178-3
Authors

Roberta de Souza Santos, Aaron P. Frank, Michael Douglas Nelson, Maurice M. Garcia, Biff F. Palmer, Deborah J. Clegg

Abstract

Most preclinical and clinical, animal, and human research has been biased with respect to sex and even more so with respect to gender. In fact, little is known about the impact of sex and even less about the influence of gender on overall metabolic processes. The National Institutes of Health has recognized this gap in scientific knowledge and now mandates that studies be conducted in both sexes and to include gender as variables influencing physiological processes such as metabolism. It is therefore critical to understand and appreciate how to incorporate sex and gender in preclinical and clinical research in order to enhance our understanding of the mechanisms by which metabolic processes differ by sex and gender. In this chapter, we define sex and gender and discuss when sex and gender are not aligned, such as that which occurs in transgender individuals, and how this impacts metabolic processes. We discuss the importance of understanding the influence and interactions between sex hormones and sex chromosomes rather than focusing on their relative contributions to metabolism in isolation. This knowledge will optimize therapies specific for individuals which need to encompass sex and gender.

X Demographics

X Demographics

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 41 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 41 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Researcher 7 17%
Student > Master 7 17%
Student > Postgraduate 4 10%
Professor 3 7%
Professor > Associate Professor 3 7%
Other 7 17%
Unknown 10 24%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 18 44%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 2 5%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 5%
Psychology 2 5%
Other 3 7%
Unknown 11 27%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 11 December 2017.
All research outputs
#14,086,689
of 23,011,300 outputs
Outputs from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#2,014
of 4,960 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#223,490
of 421,287 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#183
of 490 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 23,011,300 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 37th percentile – i.e., 37% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 4,960 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 6.1. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 57% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 421,287 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one is in the 45th percentile – i.e., 45% of its contemporaries scored the same or lower than it.
We're also able to compare this research output to 490 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 61% of its contemporaries.