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Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity

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Cover of 'Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity'

Table of Contents

  1. Altmetric Badge
    Book Overview
  2. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 1 Epidemiology of Gender Differences in Diabetes and Obesity
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    Chapter 2 Sex Differences in Body Composition
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    Chapter 3 Cellular Mechanisms Driving Sex Differences in Adipose Tissue Biology and Body Shape in Humans and Mouse Models
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    Chapter 4 Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus: Sex Differences in Insulin Action and Secretion
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    Chapter 5 The Role of Sex and Sex Hormones in Regulating Obesity-Induced Inflammation
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    Chapter 6 Sex Differences in Leptin Control of Cardiovascular Function in Health and Metabolic Diseases
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    Chapter 7 Sex Effects at the Ramparts: Nutrient- and Microbe-Mediated Regulation of the Immune-Metabolic Interface
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    Chapter 8 Sexual Dimorphism and Estrogen Action in Mouse Liver
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    Chapter 9 Sex Differences in Muscle Wasting
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    Chapter 10 Origins and Functions of the Ventrolateral VMH: A Complex Neuronal Cluster Orchestrating Sex Differences in Metabolism and Behavior
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    Chapter 11 Menopause, Estrogens, and Glucose Homeostasis in Women
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    Chapter 12 Role of Estrogens in the Regulation of Liver Lipid Metabolism
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    Chapter 13 The Role of Skeletal Muscle Estrogen Receptors in Metabolic Homeostasis and Insulin Sensitivity
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    Chapter 14 Estrogens and Body Weight Regulation in Men
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    Chapter 15 Estradiol Regulation of Brown Adipose Tissue Thermogenesis
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    Chapter 16 Brain Estrogens and Feeding Behavior
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    Chapter 17 Sex Differences and Role of Estradiol in Hypoglycemia-Associated Counter-Regulation
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    Chapter 18 The Role of Estrogens in Pancreatic Islet Physiopathology
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    Chapter 19 Nuclear and Membrane Actions of Estrogen Receptor Alpha: Contribution to the Regulation of Energy and Glucose Homeostasis
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    Chapter 20 G-Protein-Coupled Estrogen Receptor (GPER) and Sex-Specific Metabolic Homeostasis
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    Chapter 21 Sex-Dependent Role of Estrogen Sulfotransferase and Steroid Sulfatase in Metabolic Homeostasis
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    Chapter 22 Negative Impact of Testosterone Deficiency and 5α-Reductase Inhibitors Therapy on Metabolic and Sexual Function in Men
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    Chapter 23 Testosterone Therapy and Glucose Homeostasis in Men with Testosterone Deficiency (Hypogonadism)
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    Chapter 24 Sex Differences in Androgen Regulation of Metabolism in Nonhuman Primates
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    Chapter 25 Prenatal Testosterone Programming of Insulin Resistance in the Female Sheep
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    Chapter 26 The Role of Androgen Excess in Metabolic Dysfunction in Women
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    Chapter 27 Sex, Gender, and Transgender: Metabolic Impact of Cross Hormone Therapy
Attention for Chapter 12: Role of Estrogens in the Regulation of Liver Lipid Metabolism
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (89th percentile)
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age and source (93rd percentile)

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1 news outlet
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1 blog
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2 X users
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1 YouTube creator

Citations

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Chapter title
Role of Estrogens in the Regulation of Liver Lipid Metabolism
Chapter number 12
Book title
Sex and Gender Factors Affecting Metabolic Homeostasis, Diabetes and Obesity
Published in
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-70178-3_12
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-31-970177-6, 978-3-31-970178-3
Authors

Brian T. Palmisano, Lin Zhu, John M. Stafford, Palmisano, Brian T., Zhu, Lin, Stafford, John M.

Abstract

Before menopause, women are protected from atherosclerotic heart disease associated with obesity relative to men. Sex hormones have been proposed as a mechanism that differentiates this risk. In this review, we discuss the literature around how the endogenous sex hormones and hormone treatment approaches after menopause regulate fatty acid, triglyceride, and cholesterol metabolism to influence cardiovascular risk.The important regulatory functions of estrogen signaling pathways with regard to lipid metabolism have been in part obscured by clinical trials with hormone treatment of women after menopause, due to different formulations, routes of delivery, and pairings with progestins. Oral hormone treatment with several estrogen preparations increases VLDL triglyceride production. Progestins oppose this effect by stimulating VLDL clearance in both humans and animals. Transdermal estradiol preparations do not increase VLDL production or serum triglycerides.Many aspects of sex differences in atherosclerotic heart disease risk are influenced by the distributed actions of estrogens in the muscle, adipose, and liver. In humans, 17β-estradiol (E2) is the predominant circulating estrogen and signals through estrogen receptor alpha (ERα), estrogen receptor beta (ERβ), and G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). Over 1000 human liver genes display a sex bias in their expression, and the top biological pathways are in lipid metabolism and genes related to cardiovascular disease. Many of these genes display variation depending on estrus cycling in the mouse. Future directions will likely rely on targeting estrogens to specific tissues or specific aspects of the signaling pathways in order to recapitulate the protective physiology of premenopause therapeutically after menopause.

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X Demographics

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 385 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 385 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 63 16%
Student > Master 42 11%
Researcher 30 8%
Student > Ph. D. Student 26 7%
Student > Doctoral Student 25 6%
Other 63 16%
Unknown 136 35%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 68 18%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 65 17%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 26 7%
Nursing and Health Professions 24 6%
Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutical Science 23 6%
Other 31 8%
Unknown 148 38%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 17. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 06 September 2023.
All research outputs
#2,216,934
of 25,837,817 outputs
Outputs from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#323
of 5,299 outputs
Outputs of similar age
#43,229
of 428,160 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#33
of 495 outputs
Altmetric has tracked 25,837,817 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 91st percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 5,299 research outputs from this source. They typically receive a little more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.0. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 428,160 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done well, scoring higher than 89% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 495 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 93% of its contemporaries.