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RNA Vaccines

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Cover of 'RNA Vaccines'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Introduction to RNA Vaccines.
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    Chapter 2 Self-Replicating RNA.
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    Chapter 3 Self-Replicating RNA Vaccine Delivery to Dendritic Cells.
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    Chapter 4 Plant Expression of Trans-Encapsidated Viral Nanoparticle Vaccines with Animal RNA Replicons.
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    Chapter 5 RNActive® Technology: Generation and Testing of Stable and Immunogenic mRNA Vaccines.
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    Chapter 6 Nucleoside Modified mRNA Vaccines for Infectious Diseases.
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    Chapter 7 Generation and Evaluation of Prophylactic mRNA Vaccines Against Allergy.
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    Chapter 8 Measuring the Adjuvant Activity of RNA Vaccines.
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    Chapter 9 Generation of Immunostimulating 130 nm Protamine-RNA nanoparticles.
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    Chapter 10 Electroporation of mRNA as Universal Technology Platform to Transfect a Variety of Primary Cells with Antigens and Functional Proteins.
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    Chapter 11 Adjuvant-Enhanced mRNA Vaccines.
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    Chapter 12 Enhanced Delivery of DNA or RNA Vaccines by Electroporation.
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    Chapter 13 The European Regulatory Environment of RNA-Based Vaccines.
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    Chapter 14 Discovery and Subtyping of Neo-Epitope Specific T-Cell Responses for Cancer Immunotherapy: Addressing the Mutanome.
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    Chapter 15 Considerations for Producing mRNA Vaccines for Clinical Trials.
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    Chapter 16 Nonclinical Safety Testing of RNA Vaccines.
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    Chapter 17 Immunotherapy of Uveal Melanoma: Vaccination Against Cancer.
Attention for Chapter 12: Enhanced Delivery of DNA or RNA Vaccines by Electroporation.
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Chapter title
Enhanced Delivery of DNA or RNA Vaccines by Electroporation.
Chapter number 12
Book title
RNA Vaccines
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-6481-9_12
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-6479-6, 978-1-4939-6481-9

Kate E. Broderick Ph.D., Laurent M. Humeau, Kate E. Broderick


Thomas Kramps, Knut Elbers


Nucleic acid vaccines are a next-generation branch of vaccines which offer major benefits over their conventional protein, bacteria, or viral-based counterparts. However, to be effective in large mammals and humans, an enhancing delivery technology is required. Electroporation is a physical technique which results in improved delivery of large molecules through the cell membrane. In the case of plasmid DNA and mRNA, electroporation enhances both the uptake and expression of the delivered nucleic acids. The muscle is an attractive tissue for nucleic acid vaccination in a clinical setting due to the accessibility and abundance of the target tissue. Historical clinical studies of electroporation in the muscle have demonstrated the procedure to be generally well tolerated in patients. Previous studies have determined that optimized electroporation parameters (such as electrical field intensity, pulse length, pulse width and drug product formulation) majorly impact the efficiency of nucleic acid delivery. We provide an overview of DNA/RNA vaccination in the muscle of mice. Our results suggest that the technique is safe and effective and is highly applicable to a research setting as well as scalable to larger animals and humans.

Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 21 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 21 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 3 14%
Other 2 10%
Professor > Associate Professor 2 10%
Researcher 2 10%
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 5%
Other 2 10%
Unknown 9 43%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 24%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 2 10%
Materials Science 2 10%
Social Sciences 1 5%
Immunology and Microbiology 1 5%
Other 2 10%
Unknown 8 38%