Generation of Corneal Keratocytes from Human Embryonic Stem Cells.
Embryonic Stem Cell Protocols
Methods in molecular biology, May 2015
Hertsenberg, Andrew J, Funderburgh, James L, Andrew J. Hertsenberg, James L. Funderburgh, Hertsenberg, Andrew J., Funderburgh, James L.
Human Embryonic Stem Cells (hESC) offer an important resource as a limitless supply of any differentiated cell type of the human body. Keratocytes, cells from the corneal stroma, may have the potential for restoration of vision in cell therapy and biomedical engineering applications, but these specialized cells are not readily expanded in vitro. Here we describe a two-part method to produce keratocytes from the H1 hESC cell line. The hESC cells, maintained and expanded in feeder-free culture medium are first differentiated to neural crest cells using the stromal-derived inducing activity (SDIA) of the PA6 mouse embryonic fibroblast cell line. The resulting neural crest cells are selected by their expression of cell-surface CD271 and subsequently cultured as 3D pellets in a defined differentiation medium to induce a keratocyte phenotype.
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