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c-di-GMP Signaling

Overview of attention for book
Cover of 'c-di-GMP Signaling'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Discovery of the Second Messenger Cyclic di-GMP.
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    Chapter 2 Enzymatic Production of c-di-GMP Using a Thermophilic Diguanylate Cyclase.
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    Chapter 3 Synthesis of [(32)P]-c-di-GMP for Diguanylate Cyclase and Phosphodiesterase Activity Determinations.
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    Chapter 4 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)-Based Detection and Quantitation of Cellular c-di-GMP.
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    Chapter 5 Identification and Quantification of Cyclic Di-Guanosine Monophosphate and Its Linear Metabolites by Reversed-Phase LC-MS/MS.
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    Chapter 6 Detection of Cyclic Dinucleotides by STING
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    Chapter 7 Spectrophotometric and Mass Spectroscopic Methods for the Quantification and Kinetic Evaluation of In Vitro c-di-GMP Synthesis
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    Chapter 8 Gauging and Visualizing c-di-GMP Levels in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Fluorescence-Based Biosensors.
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    Chapter 9 Cyclic di-GMP-Responsive Transcriptional Reporter Bioassays in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
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    Chapter 10 Live Flow Cytometry Analysis of c-di-GMP Levels in Single Cell Populations
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    Chapter 11 Experimental Detection and Visualization of the Extracellular Matrix in Macrocolony Biofilms.
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    Chapter 12 Congo Red Stain Identifies Matrix Overproduction and Is an Indirect Measurement for c-di-GMP in Many Species of Bacteria.
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    Chapter 13 Type IV Pili-Dependent Motility as a Tool to Determine the Activity of c-di-GMP Modulating Enzymes in Myxococcus xanthus.
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    Chapter 14 Using Light-Activated Enzymes for Modulating Intracellular c-di-GMP Levels in Bacteria
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    Chapter 15 Analysis of c-di-GMP Levels Synthesized by a Photoreceptor Protein in Response to Different Light Qualities Using an In Vitro Enzymatic Assay
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    Chapter 16 Probing the Role of Cyclic di-GMP Signaling Systems in Disease Using Chinese Radish.
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    Chapter 17 Contribution of Cyclic di-GMP in the Control of Type III and Type VI Secretion in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
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    Chapter 18 Semiquantitative Analysis of the Red, Dry, and Rough Colony Morphology of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium and Escherichia coli Using Congo Red
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    Chapter 19 Fluorescent 2-Aminopurine c-di-GMP and GpG Analogs as PDE Probes
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    Chapter 20 Measuring Cyclic Diguanylate (c-di-GMP)-Specific Phosphodiesterase Activity Using the MANT-c-di-GMP Assay.
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    Chapter 21 Determining Phosphodiesterase Activity (Radioactive Assay).
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    Chapter 22 Determining Diguanylate Cyclase Activity (Radioactive Assay).
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    Chapter 23 Detection of c-di-GMP-Responsive DNA Binding.
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    Chapter 24 Use of Nonradiochemical DNAse Footprinting to Analyze c-di-GMP Modulation of DNA-Binding Proteins.
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    Chapter 25 Detection of Cyclic di-GMP Binding Proteins Utilizing a Biotinylated Cyclic di-GMP Pull-Down Assay.
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    Chapter 26 Probing Protein-Protein Interactions with Genetically Encoded Photoactivatable Cross-Linkers.
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    Chapter 27 Identification of c-di-AMP-Binding Proteins Using Magnetic Beads
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    Chapter 28 Pull-Down with a c-di-GMP-Specific Capture Compound Coupled to Mass Spectrometry as a Powerful Tool to Identify Novel Effector Proteins.
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    Chapter 29 Identification of c-di-GMP-Responsive Riboswitches.
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    Chapter 30 Isothermal Titration Calorimetry to Determine Apparent Dissociation Constants (K d) and Stoichiometry of Interaction (n) of C-di-GMP Binding Proteins
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    Chapter 31 Targeting c-di-GMP Signaling, Biofilm Formation, and Bacterial Motility with Small Molecules.
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    Chapter 32 Discovering Selective Diguanylate Cyclase Inhibitors: From PleD to Discrimination of the Active Site of Cyclic-di-GMP Phosphodiesterases.
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    Chapter 33 High-Throughput Screening for Compounds that Modulate the Cellular c-di-GMP Level in Bacteria
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    Chapter 34 Genetic Tools to Study c-di-GMP-Dependent Signaling in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Attention for Chapter 8: Gauging and Visualizing c-di-GMP Levels in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Fluorescence-Based Biosensors.
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Chapter title
Gauging and Visualizing c-di-GMP Levels in Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Fluorescence-Based Biosensors.
Chapter number 8
Book title
c-di-GMP Signaling
Published in
Methods in molecular biology, January 2017
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4939-7240-1_8
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4939-7239-5, 978-1-4939-7240-1

Rybtke, Morten, Chua, Song Lin, Yam, Joey Kuok Hoong, Givskov, Michael, Yang, Liang, Tolker-Nielsen, Tim, Morten Rybtke, Song Lin Chua, Joey Kuok Hoong Yam, Michael Givskov, Liang Yang, Tim Tolker-Nielsen


Recent research has shown that the molecule c-di-GMP is an important second messenger regulating various functions in bacteria. In particular, the implication of c-di-GMP as a positive regulator of adhesion and biofilm formation has gained momentum as a highly relevant research topic, as detailed knowledge about the underlying regulatory mechanisms may enable the development of measures to control biofilms in both industrial and medical settings. Accordingly, it is in many cases of interest to measure the c-di-GMP level in bacteria under specific conditions or in specific mutant strains. We have developed a collection of fluorescence-based c-di-GMP biosensors capable of gauging the c-di-GMP level in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and closely related bacteria. Here, we describe protocols for the use of these biosensors in gauging and visualizing cellular c-di-GMP levels of P. aeruginosa both in in vitro setups such as continuous-culture flow-cell biofilms, and in in vivo settings such as a murine corneal infection model.

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Mendeley readers

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 18 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 18 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Bachelor 4 22%
Researcher 3 17%
Student > Ph. D. Student 2 11%
Unspecified 1 6%
Professor 1 6%
Other 2 11%
Unknown 5 28%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 3 17%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 3 17%
Chemistry 3 17%
Immunology and Microbiology 2 11%
Unspecified 1 6%
Other 0 0%
Unknown 6 33%
Attention Score in Context

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 2. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 11 September 2017.
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Altmetric has tracked 23,393,513 research outputs across all sources so far. This one is in the 32nd percentile – i.e., 32% of other outputs scored the same or lower than it.
So far Altmetric has tracked 13,324 research outputs from this source. They receive a mean Attention Score of 3.4. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 58% of its peers.
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We're also able to compare this research output to 1,074 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has gotten more attention than average, scoring higher than 56% of its contemporaries.