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Taurine 8

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Cover of 'Taurine 8'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Taurine, Glutathione and Bioenergetics
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    Chapter 2 Molybdenum Cofactor Deficiency: Metabolic Link Between Taurine and S-Sulfocysteine
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    Chapter 3 Taurine and chinese traditional medicine accelerate alcohol metabolism in mice.
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    Chapter 4 Lethality of Taurine and Alcohol Coadministration in Mice
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    Chapter 5 The effect of long-term taurine supplementation and fructose feeding on glucose and lipid homeostasis in wistar rats.
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    Chapter 6 Effect of Taurine Feeding on Bone Mineral Density and Bone Markers in Rats
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    Chapter 7 The effects of bisphosphonates on taurine transport in retinal capillary endothelial cells under high glucose conditions.
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    Chapter 8 Perinatal Taurine Imbalance Alters the Interplay of Renin–Angiotensin System and Estrogen on Glucose–Insulin Regulation in Adult Female Rats
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    Chapter 9 Reduced Placental Taurine Transporter (TauT) Activity in Pregnancies Complicated by Pre-eclampsia and Maternal Obesity.
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    Chapter 10 Taurine 8
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    Chapter 11 Positive Correlation Between Serum Taurine and Adiponectin Levels in High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity Rats
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    Chapter 12 Relationship Among Serum Taurine, Serum Adipokines, and Body Composition During 8-Week Human Body Weight Control Program
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    Chapter 13 Dietary taurine and nutrient intake and dietary quality by alcohol consumption level in korean male college students.
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    Chapter 14 Taurine Supplementation Restores Insulin Secretion and Reduces ER Stress Markers in Protein-Malnourished Mice.
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    Chapter 15 Taurine as a Marker for the Identification of Natural Calculus Bovis and Its Substitutes
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    Chapter 16 Taurine Deficiency and MELAS Are Closely Related Syndromes
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    Chapter 17 Antioxidant and DNA Protection Effects of Taurine by Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
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    Chapter 18 Additional Effects of Taurine on the Benefits of BCAA Intake for the Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness and Muscle Damage Induced by High-Intensity Eccentric Exercise
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    Chapter 19 Taurine Enhances Anticancer Activity of Cisplatin in Human Cervical Cancer Cells
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    Chapter 20 Comparative Evaluation of the Effects of Taurine and Thiotaurine on Alterations of the Cellular Redox Status and Activities of Antioxidant and Glutathione-Related Enzymes by Acetaminophen in the Rat
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    Chapter 21 Effects of Taurine on Myocardial cGMP/cAMP Ratio, Antioxidant Ability, and Ultrastructure in Cardiac Hypertrophy Rats Induced by Isoproterenol
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    Chapter 22 Protective Effect of Taurine on Triorthocresyl Phosphate (TOCP)-Induced Cytotoxicity in C6 Glioma Cells
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    Chapter 23 The mechanism of taurine protection against endoplasmic reticulum stress in an animal stroke model of cerebral artery occlusion and stroke-related conditions in primary neuronal cell culture.
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    Chapter 24 Relationship Among Self-Reported Fatigue, Dietary Taurine Intake, and Dietary Habits in Korean College Students
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    Chapter 25 Simulative Evaluation of Taurine Against Alopecia Caused by Stress in Caenorhabditis elegans
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    Chapter 26 Protective Effect of Taurine on the Decreased Biogenic Amine Neurotransmitter Levels in the Brain of Mice Exposed to Arsenic
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    Chapter 27 Differential Regulation of TauT by Calcitriol and Retinoic Acid via VDR/RXR in LLC-PK1 and MCF-7 Cells
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    Chapter 28 Knockdown of TauT Expression Impairs Human Embryonic Kidney 293 Cell Development
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    Chapter 29 The role of taurine on skeletal muscle cell differentiation.
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    Chapter 30 Taurine and fish development: insights for the aquaculture industry.
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    Chapter 31 Effect of Dietary Taurine and Arginine Supplementation on Bone Mineral Density in Growing Female Rats
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    Chapter 32 Taurine Enhances the Sexual Response and Mating Ability in Aged Male Rats
Attention for Chapter 9: Reduced Placental Taurine Transporter (TauT) Activity in Pregnancies Complicated by Pre-eclampsia and Maternal Obesity.
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Chapter title
Reduced Placental Taurine Transporter (TauT) Activity in Pregnancies Complicated by Pre-eclampsia and Maternal Obesity.
Chapter number 9
Book title
Taurine 8
Published in
Advances in experimental medicine and biology, January 2013
DOI 10.1007/978-1-4614-6093-0_9
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-1-4614-6092-3, 978-1-4614-6093-0
Authors

Desforges M, Ditchfield A, Hirst CR, Pegorie C, Martyn-Smith K, Sibley CP, Greenwood SL, Desforges, Michelle, Ditchfield, Andrea, Hirst, Chloe R., Pegorie, Claire, Martyn-Smith, Kathryn, Sibley, Colin P., Greenwood, Susan L., Michelle Desforges, Andrea Ditchfield, Chloe R. Hirst, Claire Pegorie, Kathryn Martyn-Smith, Colin P. Sibley, Susan L. Greenwood

Abstract

Taurine is an important nutrient in intrauterine life, being required for fetal organ development and cellular renewal of syncytiotrophoblast (STB), the nutrient transport epithelium of the placenta. As taurine is conditionally essential in human pregnancy, the fetal and placental demand for taurine is met by uptake from maternal blood into STB through the activity of TauT. Pre-eclampsia (PE) and maternal obesity are serious complications of pregnancy, associated with fetal growth restriction (FGR) and abnormal renewal of STB, and maternal obesity is a major risk factor for PE. Here we test the hypothesis that STB TauT activity is reduced in maternal obesity and PE compared to normal pregnancy.STB TauT activity, measured in fragments of placental tissue, was negatively related to maternal BMI over the range 18-46 kg/m(2) in both the first trimester (7-12 weeks gestation) and at term (p < 0.01; linear regression). Neither TauT activity nor expression in the first trimester differed to normal pregnancy at term. STB TauT activity was significantly lower in PE than normal pregnancy (p < 0.01). Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a protein kinase C (PKC) activator which is elevated in PE and obesity, reduced STB TauT activity by 20% (50 pM-50 nM: 2 h) (p < 0.03). Activation of PKC by phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate (1 μM) reduced TauT activity by 18% (p < 0.05). As TauT activity is inhibited by phosphorylation, we propose that NPY activates PKC in the STB which phosphorylates TauT in PE and maternal obesity.Reduced TauT activity could contribute to dysregulated renewal of STB and FGR that are common to PE and maternal obesity.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 54 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Mexico 1 2%
Unknown 53 98%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 11 20%
Student > Ph. D. Student 9 17%
Student > Bachelor 7 13%
Researcher 7 13%
Other 3 6%
Other 6 11%
Unknown 11 20%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 21 39%
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 6 11%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 5 9%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 6%
Social Sciences 3 6%
Other 6 11%
Unknown 10 19%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 1. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 13 June 2013.
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#15,349,970
of 17,367,552 outputs
Outputs from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#2,907
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#220,012
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Outputs of similar age from Advances in experimental medicine and biology
#124
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