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Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems

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Cover of 'Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems'

Table of Contents

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    Book Overview
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    Chapter 1 Introductory Remarks
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    Chapter 2 The Ethnopharmacology of Tobacco in Native South America
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    Chapter 3 Importance of Nicotine Metabolism in Understanding the Human Biology of Nicotine
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    Chapter 4 The In Vitro Metabolic Fate of (S)-Nicotine
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    Chapter 5 Oxidative Metabolism of Nicotine In Vivo
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    Chapter 6 Detection of Nornicotine in Human Urine after Infusion of Nicotine
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    Chapter 7 Concentration of Nicotine in Serum and Saliva after Intravenous Infusion of the Alkaloid and after Smoking
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    Chapter 8 Pharmacokinetics of Nicotine after Intranasal Administration
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    Chapter 9 Nicotine Application with an Oral Capsule
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    Chapter 10 Conjugation Pathways in Nicotine Metabolism
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    Chapter 11 Contribution of Trans 3′-Hydroxycotinine and Glucuronide Conjugates of Nicotine Metabolites to the Measurement of Cotinine by Ria
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    Chapter 12 Extrahepatic Compared with Hepatic Metabolism of Nicotine in the Rat
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    Chapter 13 Relevance of Nicotine-Derived N-Nitrosamines in Tobacco Carcino-Genesis
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    Chapter 14 No Pyrosynthesis of N′-Nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone (NNK) from Nicotine
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    Chapter 15 Exposure to Nicotine-Derived N-Nitrosamines from Smokeless Tobacco and Evidence Against their Endogenous Formation
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    Chapter 16 Toxicokinetics of Nicotine-Derived Nitrosamines in the Rat
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    Chapter 17 Intestinal First Pass Metabolism of NNK in the Mouse
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    Chapter 18 Effects of Nicotine on Insulin: Actions and Implications
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    Chapter 19 Smoking and Adipose Tissue Lipoprotein Lipase
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    Chapter 20 Effects of Nicotine on Pulmonary Defence Systems
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    Chapter 21 Effect of Nicotine on the Elastinolytic Activity of Human Lung Tumor Cells and Human Alveolar Macrophages
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    Chapter 22 A New Role for Nicotine: Selective Inhibition of Thromboxane Formation by Direct Interaction with Thromboxane Synthase
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    Chapter 23 Effects of Nicotine and Cotinine on Prostacyclin Biosynthesis
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    Chapter 24 Effects of Nicotine on the Generation of Lipoxygenase Products
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    Chapter 25 Effects of Nicotine on Ureteric Motility
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    Chapter 26 Nicotine Induced Alteration in Phosphatase Activity in Plasma, Liver and Kidney of Rats
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    Chapter 27 Cardiovascular Effects of Repeated Nicotine Administrations: Conditions where Effects are Maintained or where Self-Blockade Takes Place
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    Chapter 28 Nicotine-Induced Release of Noradrenaline and Neuropeptide Y in the Heart: Dependence on Calcium, Potassium, and pH
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    Chapter 29 Evidence for Noradrenaline-Mediated Changes in Platelet and Heart Function Following Chronic Treatment of Rats and Guinea Pigs with Nicotine
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    Chapter 30 Doppler Flow Measurements and Smoking in Pregnancy
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    Chapter 31 Effect of Nicotine on Red Cell Deformabilitiy in Diabetes Mellitus
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    Chapter 32 Prenatal Nicotine Exposure and Sexual Brain Differentiation
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    Chapter 33 Desipramine Inhibits the Nicotine-Induced Exocytosis in Rat Phaeochromocytoma Cells (PC12)
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    Chapter 34 Glucose Metabolism: An Index of Nicotine Action in the Brain
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    Chapter 35 Effects of a Chronic Nicotine Infusion on the Local Cerebral Glucose Utilization
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    Chapter 36 Ion Channel Blockers and Nicotinic Agonists and Antagonists to Probe Brain Nicotinic Receptors
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    Chapter 37 Increased Sensitivity of Brain Muscarinic Receptor to its Agonists as a Result of Repeated Nicotine Pretreatment in Rats, Mice and Rabbits
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    Chapter 38 Nicotine Induces Opioid Peptide Gene Expression in Hypothalamus and Adrenal Medulla of Rats
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    Chapter 39 The Mesolimbic Dopamine System as a Target for Nicotine
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    Chapter 40 Presynaptic Actions of Nicotine in the CNS
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    Chapter 41 Mechanisms Underlying the Protective Effects of Chronic Nicotine Treatment Against Degeneration of Central Dopamine Neurons by Mechanical Lesions
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    Chapter 42 The Effect of Chronic Nicotine Treatment on 1-Methyl-4-Phenyl-1,2,3,6-Tetrahydropyridine-Induced Degeneration of Nigrostriatal Dopamine Neurons in the Black Mouse
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    Chapter 43 Effects of Postnatal Exposure to Cigarette Smoke on Hypothalamic Catecholamine Nerve Terminal Systems and Neuroendocrine Function in Weanling and Adult Male Rats
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    Chapter 44 Nicotine Infusion in Man Stimulates Plasma-Vasopressin, -ACTH and -Cortisol in a Dose Dependent Manner
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    Chapter 45 A Single Dose of Nicotine is Sufficient to Increase Tyrosine Hydroxylase Activity in Noradrenergic Neurones
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    Chapter 46 The Effect of Acute and Repeated Nicotine Injections on Brain Dopamine Activation: Comparisons with Morphine and Amphetamine
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    Chapter 47 Preliminary Studies on the In Vivo Desensitization of Central Nicotinic Receptors by (−)-Nicotine
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    Chapter 48 A Comparison of the Characteristics of Nicotine Receptors in Young and Aged Rat Cortex
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    Chapter 49 Thymopoietin Potently and Specifically Interacts with the Nicotinic α -Bungarotoxin Receptor in Neuronal Tissue
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    Chapter 50 Low Concentrations of Nicotine Increase the Firing Rate of Neurons of the Rat Ventral Tegmental Area In Vitro
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    Chapter 51 Effect of Nicotine and Some Other Hedonic Agents on Spontaneous Activity of Hippocampus Neurones in the Rat
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    Chapter 52 The role of the Forebrain Cholinergic Projection System in Performance in the Radial-Arm Maze in Memory-Impaired Rats
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    Chapter 53 Alterations in Septohippocampal Cholinergic Receptors and Related Behavior after Prenatal Exposure to Nicotine
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    Chapter 54 Studies on the Role of Mesolimbic Dopamine in Behavioural Responses to Chronic Nicotine
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    Chapter 55 Rearing and Learning Behaviors of Rats After Long-Term Administration of Nicotine
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    Chapter 56 Regulation of Intravenous Nicotine Self-Administration — Dopamine Mechanisms
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    Chapter 57 Nicotine-Seeking Behavior in Rhesus Monkeys
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    Chapter 58 Regulation of Various Responses to Nicotine by Different Nicotinic Receptor Subtypes
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    Chapter 59 Influence of Neonatal Nicotine Exposure on Development of Nicotinic Receptor Subtypes in Brain and Behaviour in Adult Mice
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    Chapter 60 Behavioral Interaction Between Nicotine and Caffeine
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    Chapter 61 Effects of Pre- and Postnatal Injections of “Smoking Doses” of Nicotine, or Vehicle Alone, on the Maternal Behavior and Second-Generation Adult Behavior of Roman High- and Low-Avoidance Rats
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    Chapter 62 The Pleasures of Nicotine
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    Chapter 63 Nicotine Deprivation and Nicotine Reinstatement: Effects Upon a Brief Sustained Attention Task
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    Chapter 64 Neuroelectric Correlates of Smoking Behavior
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    Chapter 65 Nicotine: A Unique Psychoactive Drug
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    Chapter 66 The Comparative Psychopharmacology of Nicotine
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    Chapter 67 Separate and Combined Effects of the Social Drugs on Psychomotor Performance
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    Chapter 68 The Influence of Nicotine on CNS Arousal During the Menstrual Cycle
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    Chapter 69 Effects of Nicotine Gum on Short-Term Memory
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    Chapter 70 Relationships Between Photic Driving, Nicotine and Memory
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    Chapter 71 Effects of Nicotine Cigarettes on Memory Search Rate
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    Chapter 72 Nicotine Polacrilex Gum and Sustained Attention
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    Chapter 73 The Behavioral Effects of Nicotine in Laboratory Animals and in the Human Smoker
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    Chapter 74 Nicotine and Cardiovascular Disease
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    Chapter 75 Nicotine and Smoking in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis
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    Chapter 76 Cigarette Smoking Influences Eicosanoid Production by the Colonic Mucosa in a Dose Dependent Manner
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    Chapter 77 Abstention from Smoking may Increase the Risk of Ulcerative Colitis by Enhancing Eicosanoid Production
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    Chapter 78 Smoking and Parkinson’s Disease
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    Chapter 79 The Effects of Nicotine on Attention, Information Processing, and Working Memory in Patients with Dementia of the Alzheimer Type
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    Chapter 80 Nicotinic Receptor Loss in Brain of Alzheimer Patients as Revealed by In Vitro Receptor Binding and In Vivo Positron Emission Tomography Techniques
Attention for Chapter 69: Effects of Nicotine Gum on Short-Term Memory
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Chapter title
Effects of Nicotine Gum on Short-Term Memory
Chapter number 69
Book title
Effects of Nicotine on Biological Systems
Published by
Birkhäuser Basel, January 1991
DOI 10.1007/978-3-0348-7457-1_69
Book ISBNs
978-3-03-487459-5, 978-3-03-487457-1
Authors

N. Sherwood, J. S. Kerr, I. Hindmarch, Sherwood, N., Kerr, J. S., Hindmarch, I.

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Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 2 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Unknown 2 100%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Ph. D. Student 1 50%
Student > Bachelor 1 50%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Medicine and Dentistry 1 50%
Engineering 1 50%