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Doping in sports

Overview of attention for book
Cover of 'Doping in sports'

Table of Contents

  1. Altmetric Badge
    Book Overview
  2. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 1 History of Doping and Doping Control
  3. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 2 Biochemical and Physiological Aspects of Endogenous Androgens
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    Chapter 3 Phase-II Metabolism of Androgens and Its Relevance for Doping Control Analysis
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    Chapter 4 Detecting the Administration of Endogenous Anabolic Androgenic Steroids
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    Chapter 5 Synthetic Anabolic Agents: Steroids and Nonsteroidal Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators
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    Chapter 6 Nandrolone: A Multi-Faceted Doping Agent
  8. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 7 Designer steroids.
  9. Altmetric Badge
    Chapter 8 Growth hormone.
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    Chapter 9 Mass Spectrometry-Based Analysis of IGF-1 and hGH
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    Chapter 10 Insulin
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    Chapter 11 β-Adrenergic Stimulation
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    Chapter 12 Erythropoietin and Analogs
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    Chapter 13 Doping in Sports
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    Chapter 14 The Athlete’s Biological Passport and Indirect Markers of Blood Doping
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    Chapter 15 Masking and Manipulation
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    Chapter 16 Hormonal growth promoting agents in food producing animals.
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    Chapter 17 Some Aspects of Doping and Medication Control in Equine Sports
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    Chapter 18 Androgenic anabolic steroid abuse and the cardiovascular system.
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    Chapter 19 Side Effects of Anabolic Androgenic Steroids: Pathological Findings and Structure–Activity Relationships
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    Chapter 20 Gene Doping
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    Chapter 21 Science and the Rules Governing Anti-Doping Violations
Attention for Chapter 16: Hormonal growth promoting agents in food producing animals.
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About this Attention Score

  • In the top 25% of all research outputs scored by Altmetric
  • High Attention Score compared to outputs of the same age (91st percentile)

Mentioned by

1 blog
1 policy source
3 tweeters
1 Facebook page


40 Dimensions

Readers on

71 Mendeley
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Chapter title
Hormonal growth promoting agents in food producing animals.
Chapter number 16
Book title
Doping in Sports: Biochemical Principles, Effects and Analysis
Published in
Handbook of experimental pharmacology, September 2009
DOI 10.1007/978-3-540-79088-4_16
Pubmed ID
Book ISBNs
978-3-54-079087-7, 978-3-54-079088-4

Stephany RW, Rainer W. Stephany, Stephany, Rainer W.


Detlef Thieme, Peter Hemmersbach


In contrast to the use of hormonal doping agents in sports to enhance the performance of athletes, in the livestock industry hormonal growth promoters ("anabolics") are used to increase the production of muscle meat. This leads to international disputes about the safety of meat originating from animals treated with such anabolics.As a consequence of the total ban in the EU of all hormonal active growth promoters ("hormones") in livestock production, in contrast to their legal use [e.g. of five such hormones (17beta-estradiol, testosterone, progesterone, trenbolone and zeranol) as small solid ear implants and two hormones as feed additives for feedlot heifers (melengestrol acetate) and for swine (ractopamine) in the USA], the regulatory controls also differ sharply between the EU and the USA.In the EU the treatment of slaughter animals is the regulatory offence that has to be controlled in inspection programs. In the USA testing for compliance of a regulatory maximum residue level in the edible product (muscle, fat, liver or kidney) is the purpose of the inspection program (if any).The EU inspection programs focus on sample materials that are more suitable for testing for banned substances, especially if the animals are still on the farm, such as urine and feces or hair. In the case of slaughtered animals, the more favored sample materials are bile, blood, eyes and sometimes liver. Only in rare occasions is muscle meat sampled. This happens only in the case of import controls or in monitoring programs of meat sampled in butcher shops or supermarkets.As a result, data on hormone concentrations in muscle meat samples from the EU market are very rare and are obtained in most cases from small programs on an ad hoc basis. EU data for natural hormones in meat are even rarer because of the absence of "legal natural levels" for these hormones in compliance testing. With the exception of samples from the application sites - in the EU the site of injection of liquid hormone preparations or the site of application of "pour on" preparations - the hormone concentrations observed in meat samples of illegally treated animals are typically in the range of a few micrograms per kilogram (ppb) down to a few tenths of a microgram per kilogram. In the EU dozens of illegal hormones are used and the number of active compounds is still expanding. Besides estrogenic, androgenic and progestagenic compounds also thyreostatic, corticosteroidal and beta-adrenergic compounds are used alone or in "smart" combinations.An overview is given of the compounds identified on the EU black market. An estimate is also given of the probability of consumption in the EU of "highly" contaminated meat from the application sites in cattle. Finally some data are presented on the concentration of estradiol in bovine meat from animals treated and not treated with hormone implants. These data are compared with the recent findings for estradiol concentrations in hen's eggs. From this comparison, the preliminary conclusion is that hen's eggs are the major source of 17alpha- and 17beta-estradiol in the consumer's daily "normal" diet.

Twitter Demographics

The data shown below were collected from the profiles of 3 tweeters who shared this research output. Click here to find out more about how the information was compiled.

Mendeley readers

The data shown below were compiled from readership statistics for 71 Mendeley readers of this research output. Click here to see the associated Mendeley record.

Geographical breakdown

Country Count As %
Japan 2 3%
Australia 1 1%
Canada 1 1%
United Kingdom 1 1%
Mexico 1 1%
United States 1 1%
Unknown 64 90%

Demographic breakdown

Readers by professional status Count As %
Student > Master 16 23%
Researcher 13 18%
Student > Bachelor 12 17%
Other 5 7%
Professor 4 6%
Other 10 14%
Unknown 11 15%
Readers by discipline Count As %
Agricultural and Biological Sciences 17 24%
Medicine and Dentistry 6 8%
Veterinary Science and Veterinary Medicine 5 7%
Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology 4 6%
Nursing and Health Professions 3 4%
Other 17 24%
Unknown 19 27%

Attention Score in Context

This research output has an Altmetric Attention Score of 16. This is our high-level measure of the quality and quantity of online attention that it has received. This Attention Score, as well as the ranking and number of research outputs shown below, was calculated when the research output was last mentioned on 21 May 2021.
All research outputs
of 21,239,792 outputs
Outputs from Handbook of experimental pharmacology
of 620 outputs
Outputs of similar age
of 174,375 outputs
Outputs of similar age from Handbook of experimental pharmacology
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Altmetric has tracked 21,239,792 research outputs across all sources so far. Compared to these this one has done particularly well and is in the 91st percentile: it's in the top 10% of all research outputs ever tracked by Altmetric.
So far Altmetric has tracked 620 research outputs from this source. They typically receive more attention than average, with a mean Attention Score of 7.5. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 90% of its peers.
Older research outputs will score higher simply because they've had more time to accumulate mentions. To account for age we can compare this Altmetric Attention Score to the 174,375 tracked outputs that were published within six weeks on either side of this one in any source. This one has done particularly well, scoring higher than 91% of its contemporaries.
We're also able to compare this research output to 1 others from the same source and published within six weeks on either side of this one. This one has scored higher than all of them